proconsul

[proh-kon-suhl]
noun
1.
Roman History. an official, usually a former consul, who acted as governor or military commander of a province, and who had powers similar to those of a consul.
2.
any appointed administrator over a dependency or an occupied area.

Origin:
1350–1400; Middle English < Latin prōconsul; see pro-1, consul

proconsular, adjective
proconsularly, adverb
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Proconsul

[proh-kon-suhl]
noun
an African subgenus of Dryopithecus that lived 17–20 million years ago and is possibly ancestral to modern hominoids.

Origin:
< Neo-Latin (1933), equivalent to pro- pro-1 + Consul, allegedly the name of a chimpanzee in a London zoo (with a pun on Latin prōconsul proconsul); the genus was thought to be ancestral to the chimpanzee

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Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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World English Dictionary
proconsul (prəʊˈkɒnsəl)
 
n
1.  an administrator or governor of a colony, occupied territory, or other dependency
2.  (in ancient Rome) the governor of a senatorial province
 
[C14: from Latin, from prō consule (someone acting) for the consul. See pro-², consul]
 
proconsular
 
adj
 
pro'consulate
 
n
 
pro'consulship
 
n

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
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Word Origin & History

proconsul
1382, "governor or military commander of an ancient Roman province," from L. proconsul, from phrase pro consule "(acting) in place of a consul," from pro- + abl. of consul. In modern use, usually rhetorical, but it was a title of certain commissioners in the Fr. Revolution
and also was used in Eng. for "deputy consul."
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Example sentences
Proconsul, the last common ancestor between apes and humans.
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