[proh-vuhn-sahl, prov-uhn-; French praw-vahn-sal]
of or pertaining to Provence, its people, or their language.
a native or inhabitant of Provence.
Also called Occitan. a Romance language once widely spoken in southern France, still in use in some rural areas. Abbreviation: Pr, Pr., Prov. Compare langue d'oc.
the dialect of Provençal used in Provence.

1580–90; < Middle French < Latin prōvinciālis provincial. See Provence, -al1 Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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World English Dictionary
Provençal (ˌprɒvɒnˈsɑːl, French prɔvɑ̃sal)
1.  relating to, denoting, or characteristic of Provence, its inhabitants, their dialect of French, or their Romance language
2.  See also langue d'oc a language of Provence, closely related to Catalan, French, and Italian, belonging to the Romance group of the Indo-European family. It was important in the Middle Ages as a literary language, and attempts have been made since the 19th century to revive its literary status
3.  a native or inhabitant of Provence

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
2009 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
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Word Origin & History

1589, from Fr. Provençal, from Provence, from L. provincia "province" (see province); the southern part of ancient Gaul was technically the province of Gallia Narbonensis, but it came under Roman rule long before the rest of Gaul and as the Romans considered it the
province par excellence they familiarly called it (nostra) provincia "our province." In ref. to a style of cooking, attested from 1841.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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