Today's Word of the Day means...
record re·cord (rĭ-kôrd')
v. re·cord·ed, re·cord·ing, re·cords
To set down for preservation in writing or other permanent form.
To register or indicate.
An account, as of information or facts, set down especially in writing as a means of preserving knowledge.
A medical record.
In dentistry, a registration of desired jaw relations in a plastic material or on a device so that such relations may be transferred to an articulator.
The known history of performance, activities, or achievement.
A collection of related, often adjacent items of computer data, treated as a unit.
data, database, programming
An ordered set of fields, usually stored contiguously. The term is used with similar meaning in several different contexts. In a file, a "record" probably has some fixed length, in contrast to a "line" which may have any length and is terminated by some End Of Line sequence). A database record is also called a "row". In a spreadsheet it is always called a "row". Some programming languages use the term to mean a type composed of fields of several other types (C calls this a "struct").
In all these cases, a record represents an entity with certain field values.
Fields may be of a fixed width (bits or characters) or they may be separated by a delimiter character, often comma (CSV) or HT (TSV).
In a database the list of values of a given field from all records is called a column.