ragas

raga

[rah-guh]
noun
one of the melodic formulas of Hindu music having the melodic shape, rhythm, and ornamentation prescribed by tradition.

Origin:
1780–90; < Sanskrit rāga color, tone

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World English Dictionary
raga (ˈrɑːɡə)
 
n
1.  any of several conventional patterns of melody and rhythm that form the basis for freely interpreted compositions. Each pattern is associated with different aspects of religious devotion
2.  a composition based on one of these patterns
 
[C18: from Sanskrit rāga tone, colour]

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
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Word Origin & History

raga
1788, from Skt. raga-s "harmony, melody, mode in music," lit. "color, mood," related to rajyati "it is dyed."
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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