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raisin

[rey-zin] /ˈreɪ zɪn/
noun
1.
a grape of any of various sweet varieties dried in the sun or by artificial means, often used in cookery.
2.
dark purplish blue.
Origin
1350-1400
1350-1400; Middle English raisin, reisin < Old French < Vulgar Latin *racīmus, for Latin racēmus raceme
Related forms
raisiny, adjective
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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Examples from the web for raisins
  • Variations may also include blueberries, raisins, nuts or other ingredients.
  • raisins contain antioxidants, which may have helped mask the rancid flavor of spoiling meat in the days before refrigeration.
  • Place peaches and raisins in the pan and push down between the bread pieces.
  • Be sure you can't see any of the raisins on top or they will burn while the pudding is baking.
  • It consisted of putting sleeping pill powder into raisins, and then scattering the raisins near the birds.
  • But then came the chicken, served with a poached egg on a bed of spinach and golden raisins.
  • The raisins move farther away from each other but don't actually move.
  • Diced mango or shredded coconut would not be objectionable, nor would a chutney or tart apple or sliced banana or yellow raisins.
  • raisins that do not meet these requirements may be used to make raisin concentrate or to fortify animal feed.
  • Antioxidant activity of the raisins was also determined.
British Dictionary definitions for raisins

raisin

/ˈreɪzən/
noun
1.
a dried grape
Derived Forms
raisiny, adjective
Word Origin
C13: from Old French: grape, ultimately from Latin racēmus cluster of grapes; compare Greek rhax berry, grape
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for raisins

raisin

n.

"dried sweet grape," c.1300, from Anglo-French raycin (late 13c.), Old French raisin "grape; raisin," from Vulgar Latin *racimus, alteration of Latin racemus "cluster of grapes or berries" (also source of Spanish racimo, Italian racemo), probably from the same ancient lost Mediterranean language that gave Greek rhax (genitive rhagos) "grape, berry." Dutch razun also is from French; German Rosine is from an Old French variant form.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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raisins in the Bible

dried grapes; mentioned 1 Sam. 25:18; 30:12; 2 Sam. 16:1; 1 Chr. 12:40.

Easton's 1897 Bible Dictionary
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Encyclopedia Article for raisins

raisin

dried fruit of certain varieties of grape. Raisin grapes were grown as early as 2000 BC in Persia and Egypt, and dried grapes are mentioned in the Bible (Numbers 6:3) during the time of Moses. David (Israel's future king) was presented with "a hundred clusters of raisins" (1 Samuel 25:18), probably sometime during the period 1110-1070 BC. Early Greeks and Romans adorned places of worship with raisins, and they were awarded as prizes in sporting events. Until the 20th century the chief raisin producers were Turkey, Iran, and Greece; by mid-century the United States had taken the lead in production, with Australia ranking second. The U.S. raisin industry is located entirely in California, where the first raisin grapes were planted in 1851.

Learn more about raisin with a free trial on Britannica.com
Encyclopedia Britannica, 2008. Encyclopedia Britannica Online.
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