[ram-pahrt, -pert]
a broad elevation or mound of earth raised as a fortification around a place and usually capped with a stone or earth parapet. See diag. under bastion.
such an elevation together with the parapet.
anything serving as a bulwark or defense.
verb (used with object)
to furnish with or as if with a rampart.

1575–85; < Middle French, derivative of remparer, equivalent to re- re- + emparer to take possession of < Provençal ampararLatin ante- ante- + parāre to prepare

2. fortification, breastwork, barricade, guard.
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World English Dictionary
rampart (ˈræmpɑːt)
1.  the surrounding embankment of a fort, often including any walls, parapets, walks, etc, that are built on the bank
2.  anything resembling a rampart in form or function, esp in being a defence or bulwark
3.  (Canadian) a steep rock wall in a river gorge
4.  (tr) to provide with a rampart; fortify
[C16: from Old French, from remparer, from re- + emparer to take possession of, from Old Provençal antparar, from Latin ante before + parāre to prepare]

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
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Word Origin & History

1583, from M.Fr. rempart, from remparer "to fortify," from re- "again" + emparer "fortify, take possession of," from O.Prov. amparer, from V.L. *anteparare "prepare," prop. "to make preparations beforehand," from L. ante- "before" (see ante) + parare "prepare" (see pare).
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Example sentences
But outside the ramparts are scenes of everyday peasant life.
There are two restaurants, including one waterside, and an infinity pool
  created from one of the ramparts.
His treatment was touchingly intelligible before running into trouble at the
  ramparts and the perilous fight.
He did not imagine totalitarian evil from the safe ramparts of democracy.
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