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reciprocate

[ri-sip-ruh-keyt] /rɪˈsɪp rəˌkeɪt/
verb (used with object), reciprocated, reciprocating.
1.
to give, feel, etc., in return.
2.
to give and receive reciprocally; interchange:
to reciprocate favors.
3.
to cause to move alternately backward and forward.
verb (used without object), reciprocated, reciprocating.
4.
to make a return, as for something given.
5.
to make interchange.
6.
to be correspondent.
7.
to move alternately backward and forward.
Origin
1605-1615
1605-15; < Latin reciprocātus past participle of reciprocāre to move back and forth. See reciprocal, -ate1
Related forms
reciprocative, reciprocatory
[ri-sip-ruh-kuh-tawr-ee, -tohr-ee] /rɪˈsɪp rə kəˌtɔr i, -ˌtoʊr i/ (Show IPA),
adjective
reciprocator, noun
nonreciprocating, adjective
unreciprocated, adjective
unreciprocating, adjective
Synonyms
1. return, respond, retaliate.
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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Examples from the web for reciprocating
  • The benefit of psychopathy is that you exploit the altruistic without the cost of reciprocating.
  • The design was still a clumsy contraption with a heavy motor connected by a metal cable to the reciprocating shaving head.
  • The horizontal engine moved a reciprocating double rack, which geared to ratchet wheels on a shaft that carried the paddle wheels.
  • Their own reciprocating nods and citations of approval are apparently not enough for these authors.
  • The conventional mud pump design, known as the triplex pump, uses three reciprocating pistons oriented horizontally.
  • Another name for a reciprocating engine is an internal-combustion engine.
  • Fourstroke reciprocating engines are less suitable for hydrogen.
British Dictionary definitions for reciprocating

reciprocate

/rɪˈsɪprəˌkeɪt/
verb
1.
to give or feel in return
2.
to move or cause to move backwards and forwards
3.
(intransitive) to be correspondent or equivalent
Derived Forms
reciprocation, noun
reciprocative, reciprocatory, adjective
reciprocator, noun
Word Origin
C17: from Latin reciprocāre, from reciprocusreciprocal
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for reciprocating
adj.

"moving back and forth," 1690s, present participle adjective from reciprocate (v.). Specifically of machines by 1822.

reciprocate

v.

"to return, requite," 1610s, back-formation from reciprocation, or else from Latin reciprocatus, past participle of reciprocare "rise and fall, move back and forth; reverse the motion of," from reciprocus (see reciprocal). Related: Reciprocated; reciprocating.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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