recuse

[ri-kyooz]
verb (used with object), recused, recusing.
1.
to reject or challenge (a judge or juror) as disqualified to act, especially because of interest or bias.
verb (used without object), recused, recusing.
2.
to withdraw from a position of judging so as to avoid any semblance of partiality or bias.

Origin:
1350–1400; Middle English recusen < Middle French recuser < Latin recūsāre; see recusant

recusation [rek-yoo-zey-shuhn] , noun
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World English Dictionary
recuse (rəˈkjuːz, rɪˈkjuːz)
 
vb
(tr; reflexive) to remove from participation in a court case due to potential prejudice or partiality
 
[C19: see recusant]

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
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Word Origin & History

recuse
late 14c., "to reject another's authority as prejudiced," from O.Fr. recuser (13c.), from L. recusare "to refuse, make an objection," from re- + causa (see cause). The word now is used mostly reflectively.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Example sentences
Two other commissioners had recused themselves and the other two seats were vacant.
If she knew the family members, she should have recused herself from the story.
In the initial divorce proceedings, the trial judge recused himself based in part on friendship with the parties.
Meyer recused from voting on the motion and left the meeting for this part of the meeting.
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