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resign

[ri-zahyn]
verb (used without object)
1.
to give up an office or position, often formally (often followed by from ): to resign from the presidency.
2.
to submit; yield: to resign before the inevitable.
verb (used with object)
3.
to give up (an office, position, etc.), often formally.
4.
to relinquish (a right, claim, agreement, etc.).
5.
to give or sign over, as to the control or care of another: She resigned her child to an adoption agency.
6.
to submit (oneself, one's mind, etc.) without resistance.

Origin:
1325–75; Middle English resignen < Middle French resigner < Latin resignāre to open, release, cancel, equivalent to re- re- + signāre to mark, seal, sign

re-sign, resign.


1. withdraw. 3. abdicate, renounce; quit, leave. 4. give up, surrender, cede, forgo.
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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World English Dictionary
resign (rɪˈzaɪn)
 
vb (when intr, often foll by from)
1.  to give up tenure of (a job, office, etc)
2.  (tr) to reconcile (oneself) to; yield: to resign oneself to death
3.  (tr) to give up (a right, claim, etc); relinquish: he resigned his claim to the throne
 
[C14: from Old French resigner, from Latin resignāre to unseal, invalidate, destroy, from re- + signāre to seal; see sign]
 
re'signer
 
n

re-sign (riːˈsaɪn)
 
vb
to sign (a document, etc) again

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
2009 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
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Etymonline
Word Origin & History

resign
late 14c., from O.Fr. resigner, from L. resignare "to check off, cancel, give up," from re- "opposite" + signare "to make an entry in an account book," lit. "to mark" (see sign). The sense is of making an entry (signum) "opposite" -- on the credit side -- balancing the former
mark and thus canceling the claim it represents. The meaning of "give up a position" is first recorded late 14c. Sense of "to give (oneself) up to some emotion or situation" is from 1718.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Example sentences
The secretary, for instance, cannot relieve himself from the responsibility of
  his office by resigning.
But resigning in protest has gained popularity of late among an unlikely group:
  big corporations.
She needs to respond to the letters and points about her resigning.
People capable of resigning their intelligence this way can be expected to go
  berserk anytime, anywhere.
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