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rest1

[rest] /rɛst/
noun
1.
the refreshing quiet or repose of sleep:
a good night's rest.
2.
refreshing ease or inactivity after exertion or labor:
to allow an hour for rest.
3.
relief or freedom, especially from anything that wearies, troubles, or disturbs.
4.
a period or interval of inactivity, repose, solitude, or tranquillity:
to go away for a rest.
5.
mental or spiritual calm; tranquillity.
6.
the repose of death:
eternal rest.
7.
cessation or absence of motion:
to bring a machine to rest.
8.
Music.
  1. an interval of silence between tones.
  2. a mark or sign indicating it.
9.
Prosody. a short pause within a line; caesura.
10.
a place that provides shelter or lodging for travelers, as an inn.
11.
any stopping or resting place:
a roadside rest for weary hikers.
12.
a piece or thing for something to rest on:
a hand rest.
13.
a supporting device; support.
14.
Billiards, Pool. bridge1 (def 14).
verb (used without object)
15.
to refresh oneself, as by sleeping, lying down, or relaxing.
16.
to relieve weariness by cessation of exertion or labor.
17.
to be at ease; have tranquillity or peace.
18.
to repose in death.
19.
to be quiet or still.
20.
to cease from motion, come to rest; stop.
21.
to become or remain inactive.
22.
to stay as is or remain without further action or notice:
to let a matter rest.
23.
to lie, sit, lean, or be set:
His arm rested on the table.
24.
Agriculture. to lie fallow or unworked:
to let land rest.
25.
to be imposed as a burden or responsibility (usually followed by on or upon).
26.
to rely (usually followed by on or upon).
27.
to be based or founded (usually followed by on or upon).
28.
to be found; belong; reside (often followed by with):
The blame rests with them.
29.
to be present; dwell; linger (usually followed by on or upon):
A sunbeam rests upon the altar.
30.
to be fixed or directed on something, as the eyes, a gaze, etc.
31.
Law. to terminate voluntarily the introduction of evidence in a case.
verb (used with object)
32.
to give rest to; refresh with rest:
to rest oneself.
33.
to lay or place for rest, ease, or support:
to rest one's back against a tree.
34.
to direct (as the eyes):
to rest one's eyes on someone.
35.
to base, or let depend, as on some ground of reliance.
36.
to bring to rest; halt; stop.
37.
Law. to terminate voluntarily the introduction of evidence on:
to rest one's case.
Idioms
38.
at rest,
  1. in a state of repose, as in sleep.
  2. dead.
  3. quiescent; inactive; not in motion:
    the inertia of an object at rest.
  4. free from worry; tranquil:
    Nothing could put his mind at rest.
39.
lay to rest,
  1. to inter (a dead body); bury:
    He was laid to rest last Thursday.
  2. to allay, suppress, or appease.
Origin
900
before 900; (noun) Middle English, Old English; akin to German Rast; (v.) Middle English resten, Old English restan; akin to German rasten
Related forms
rester, noun
Synonyms
7. stop, halt, standstill.
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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British Dictionary definitions for rester

rest1

/rɛst/
noun
1.
  1. relaxation from exertion or labour
  2. (as modifier): a rest period
2.
repose; sleep
3.
any relief or refreshment, as from worry or something troublesome
4.
calm; tranquillity
5.
death regarded as repose: eternal rest
6.
cessation from motion
7.
at rest
  1. not moving; still
  2. calm; tranquil
  3. dead
  4. asleep
8.
a pause or interval
9.
a mark in a musical score indicating a pause of specific duration
10.
(prosody) a pause in or at the end of a line; caesura
11.
a shelter or lodging: a seaman's rest
12.
a thing or place on which to put something for support or to steady it; prop
13.
(billiards, snooker) any of various special poles used as supports for the cue in shots that cannot be made using the hand as a support
14.
come to rest, to slow down and stop
15.
lay to rest, to bury (a dead person)
16.
set someone's mind at rest, to reassure someone or settle someone's mind
verb
17.
to take or give rest, as by sleeping, lying down, etc
18.
to place or position (oneself, etc) for rest or relaxation
19.
(transitive) to place or position for support or steadying: to rest one's elbows on the table
20.
(intransitive) to be at ease; be calm
21.
to cease or cause to cease from motion or exertion; halt
22.
to lie dead and buried
23.
(intransitive) to remain without further attention or action: let the matter rest
24.
to direct (one's eyes) or (of one's eyes) to be directed: her eyes rested on the sleeping child
25.
to depend or cause to depend; base; rely: the whole argument rests on one crucial fact
26.
to place or be placed, as blame, censure, etc
27.
to put pastry in a cool place to allow the gluten to contract
28.
(intransitive; foll by with, on, upon, etc) to be a responsibility (of): it rests with us to apportion blame
29.
(law) to finish the introduction of evidence in (a case)
30.
rest on one's laurels, See laurel (sense 9)
31.
rest on one's oars
  1. to stop rowing for a time
  2. to stop doing anything for a time
Derived Forms
rester, noun
Word Origin
Old English ræst, reste, of Germanic origin; related to Gothic rasta a mile, Old Norse röst mile

rest2

/rɛst/
noun the rest
1.
something left or remaining; remainder
2.
the others: the rest of the world
verb
3.
(copula) to continue to be (as specified); remain: rest assured
Word Origin
C15: from Old French rester to remain, from Latin rēstāre, from re- + stāre to stand
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for rester

rest

n.

"sleep," Old English ræste, reste "rest, bed, intermission of labor, mental peace," common Germanic (cf. Old Saxon resta "resting place, burial-place," Dutch rust, Old High German rasta, German Rast "rest, peace, repose"), of uncertain origin.

Original sense seems to be a measure of distance (cf. Old High German rasta, which in addition to "rest" meant "league of miles," Old Norse rost "league, distance after which one rests," Gothic rasta "mile, stage of a journey"), perhaps a word from the nomadic period. Unless the original sense is "repose," thence extended secondarily to "distance between two resting place."

The meaning "support, thing upon which something rests" is attested from 1580s. At rest "dead" is from mid-14c., on the notion of "last rest." Rest stop is from 1973. Colloquial expression to give (something) a rest "to stop talking about it" is first recorded 1927, American English.

"remainder, that which is left after a separation," early 15c., from Middle French reste "remnant," from rester "to remain" (see rest (v.2)). Meaning "others, those not included in a proposition" is from 1530s.

v.

"repose, cease from action," Old English ræstan, restan "take repose by lying down; lie in death or in the grave; cease from motion, work, or performance; be without motion; be undisturbed, be free from what disquiets; stand or lie as upon a support or basis," from root of rest (n.1). Transitive senses "give repose to; lay or place, as on a support or basis" are from early 13c. Meaning "cease from, have intermission" is late 14c., also "rely on for support." Related: Rested; resting. Common Germanic, cf. Old Frisian resta, Dutch rusten, Old High German raston, German rasten, Swedish rasta, Danish raste "to rest." Resting place is from mid-14c.

"to be left, remain," mid-15c., from Old French rester "to remain," from Latin restare "stand back, be left," from re- "back" (see re-) + stare "to stand" (see stet). Partially confused and merged with the other verb rest. Sense of "to continue to be" is in rest assured. Transitive sense of "to keep, cause to continue to remain" was common in 16c.-17c., "used with a predicate adjective following and qualifying the object" [Century Dictionary], hence phrase rest you merry (1540s); God rest you merry, gentlemen, often is mis-punctuated.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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rester in Medicine

rest (rěst)
n.

  1. Cessation of work, exertion, or activity.

  2. Peace, ease, or refreshment resulting from sleep or the cessation of an activity.

  3. Sleep or quiet relaxation.

  4. Mental or emotional tranquillity.

  5. A device used as a support, as for the back.

  6. A group of embryonic cells or a portion of fetal tissue that has become displaced during development.

  7. An extension from a prosthesis that gives vertical support to a dental restoration.

v. rest·ed, rest·ing, rests
  1. To cease motion, work, or activity.

  2. To lie down, especially to sleep.

  3. To be supported or based; lie, lean, or sit.

The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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Slang definitions & phrases for rester

rest

Related Terms

give it a rest


The Dictionary of American Slang, Fourth Edition by Barbara Ann Kipfer, PhD. and Robert L. Chapman, Ph.D.
Copyright (C) 2007 by HarperCollins Publishers.
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rester in the Bible

(1.) Gr. katapausis, equivalent to the Hebrew word _noah_ (Heb. 4:1). (2.) Gr. anapausis, "rest from weariness" (Matt. 11:28). (3.) Gr. anesis, "relaxation" (2 Thess. 1:7). (4.) Gr. sabbatismos, a Sabbath rest, a rest from all work (Heb. 4:9; R.V., "sabbath"), a rest like that of God when he had finished the work of creation.

Easton's 1897 Bible Dictionary
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Idioms and Phrases with rester
The American Heritage® Idioms Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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6
6
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