something that restricts; a restrictive condition or regulation; limitation.
the act of restricting.
the state of being restricted.

1375–1425; late Middle English < Late Latin restrictiōn- (stem of restrictiō), equivalent to Latin restrict(us) (see restrict) + -iōn- -ion

nonrestriction, noun
overrestriction, noun
prerestriction, noun
prorestriction, adjective
self-restriction, noun
superrestriction, noun

1. rule, provision, reservation, restraint. Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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World English Dictionary
restriction (rɪˈstrɪkʃən)
1.  something that restricts; a restrictive measure, law, etc
2.  the act of restricting or the state of being restricted
3.  logic, maths a condition that imposes a constraint on the possible values of a variable or on the domain of arguments of a function
n, —adj

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
2009 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
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Word Origin & History

c.1412, from L.L. restrictionem (nom. restrictio) "limitation," from L. restrictus, pp. of restringere "restrict, bind fast, restrain," from re- "back" + stringere "draw tight" (see strain (v.)). Restrict (v.) is attested from 1535; regarded 18c. as a Scottishism. Restricted
"limited" is attested from 1830; of documents, etc., "secret, not for public release" it is recorded from 1944. In U.S., restricted was a euphemism for "off-limits to Jews" (1947).
Manager: "I'm sorry, Mr. Marx, but we can't let you use the pool; this country club is restricted."
Groucho: "Well, my daughter's only half-Jewish; could she go in up to her knees?"
Restrictive is attested from c.1400.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Example sentences
To conserve scarce supplies, water managers will probably have to implement
  restrictions again.
Be sure to obey private property restrictions while walking to the beach.
Past restrictions on deer hunting have also fueled the boom.
Every year paleontologists must carefully navigate the tangle of laws and
  restrictions on fossil collecting.
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