rheumatic fever

noun Pathology.
a serious disease, associated with streptococcal infections, usually affecting children, characterized by fever, swelling and pain in the joints, sore throat, and cardiac involvement.

Origin:
1775–85

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Collins
World English Dictionary
rheumatic fever
 
n
a disease characterized by sore throat, fever, inflammation, and pain in the joints

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
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American Heritage
Medical Dictionary

rheumatic fever n.
An acute inflammatory disease occurring during recovery from infection with group A streptococci, having an onset marked by fever and joint pain. It is associated with polyarthritis, Sydenham's chorea, and endocarditis, and is frequently followed by scarring of the heart valves.

The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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American Heritage
Science Dictionary
rheumatic fever   (r-māt'ĭk)  Pronunciation Key 
An acute inflammatory disease resulting from infections that are caused by a certain strain of bacteria of the genus Streptococcus, such as strep throat, usually in the absence of antibiotic treatment. It is marked by fever and inflammation of the joints, nerves, and heart, where it can progress to scarring and permanent dysfunction of the valves.
The American Heritage® Science Dictionary
Copyright © 2002. Published by Houghton Mifflin. All rights reserved.
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American Heritage
Cultural Dictionary
rheumatic fever [(rooh-mat-ik)]

An infectious disease occurring most often in children who have had a previous infection with a strain of streptococcus. Rheumatic fever, which is characterized by fever and joint pain, can cause permanent damage to the heart if left untreated. Antibiotics, such as penicillin, are used in treating the disease.

The American Heritage® New Dictionary of Cultural Literacy, Third Edition
Copyright © 2005 by Houghton Mifflin Company.
Published by Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.
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Example sentences
Before penicillin, untreatable strep throat caused lethal epidemics of rheumatic fever via an evil biochemical mimicry.
Antibiotics are taken to prevent rare but more serious health problems, such as rheumatic fever.
In the past, rheumatic fever was the primary cause of aortic insufficiency.
Treat strep infections promptly to prevent rheumatic fever.
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