|German name: Rheinland-Pfalz a state of W Germany: formed in 1946 from the S part of the Prussian Rhine province, the Palatinate, and parts of Rhine-Hesse and Hesse-Nassau; part of West Germany until 1990: agriculture (with extensive vineyards) and tourism are important. Capital: Mainz. Pop: 4 059 000 (2003 est). Area: 19 832 sq km (7657 sq miles)|
Land (state) situated in southwestern Germany. It is bordered by the states of North Rhine-Westphalia to the north, Hessen to the east, Baden-Wurttemberg to the southeast, and Saarland to the southwest and by France, Luxembourg, and Belgium to the south and west. Its southwestern portion was formerly part of the Rhenish Palatinate, hence the name Rhineland-Palatinate. Its capital is Mainz. Area 7,663 square miles (19,846 square km). Pop. (2006 est.) 4,052,860.
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