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"covering," Old English hod "hood," from Proto-Germanic *hodaz (cf. Old Saxon, Old Frisian hod "hood," Middle Dutch hoet, Dutch hoed "hat," Old High German huot "helmet, hat," German Hut "hat," Old Frisian hode "guard, protection"), from PIE *kadh- "cover" (see hat).
Modern spelling is early 1400s to indicate a "long" vowel, which is no longer pronounced as such. Meaning "removable cover for an automobile engine" attested by 1905. Little Red Riding Hood (1729) translates Charles Perrault's Petit Chaperon Rouge ("Contes du Temps Passé" 1697).
"gangster," 1930, American English, shortened form of hoodlum.
shortened form of neighborhood, by 1987, U.S. black slang.
"to put a hood on," c.1200, from hood (n.1). Related: Hooded; hooding.
A legendary robber of the Middle Ages in England, who stole from the rich and gave to the poor. An excellent archer, he lived in Sherwood Forest with the fair Maid Marian, the stalwart Little John, the priest Friar Tuck, the musician Allan-a-Dale, and others who helped him rob rich landlords and thwart his chief enemy, the sheriff of Nottingham.
: has been in the hood hierarchy for decadesnoun
hoodlum: those St Louis hoods/ the procession of hoods on the witness stand (1930+)
Neighborhood •First associated with black Los Angeles neighborhoods: Who know the defendant from the 'hood. It's part of the job (mid1980s+)
(Heb. tsaniph) a tiara round the head (Isa. 3:23; R.V., pl., "turbans"). Rendered "diadem," Job 29:14; high priest's "mitre," Zech. 3:5; "royal diadem," Isa. 62:3.