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noun, plural romans [raw-mahn] . French.
a metrical narrative, especially in medieval French literature.
a novel.


[roh-muhn] .
of or pertaining to the ancient or modern city of Rome, or to its inhabitants and their customs and culture: Roman restaurants.
of or pertaining to the ancient kingdom, republic, and empire whose capital was the city of Rome.
of a kind or character regarded as typical of the ancient Romans: Roman virtues.
(usually lowercase) designating or pertaining to the upright style of printing types most commonly used in modern books, periodicals, etc., of which the main text of this dictionary is an example.
of or pertaining to the Roman Catholic Church.
noting, pertaining to, or resembling the architecture of ancient Rome, especially the public and religious architecture, characterized by the employment of massive brick and concrete construction, with such features as the semicircular arch, the dome, and groin and barrel vaults, by the use in interiors of marble and molded stucco revetments, by the elaboration of the Greek orders as purely decorative motifs for the adornment of façades and interiors, and by an overall effect in which simplicity and grandeur of massing is often combined with much elaboration of detailing.
written in or pertaining to Roman numerals.
a native, inhabitant, or citizen of ancient or modern Rome.
the dialect of Italian spoken in Rome.
(usually lowercase) roman type or lettering.
Often Offensive. a member of the Roman Catholic Church.
Rare. the Latin language.
a male given name.

before 900; < Latin Rōmānus (see Rome, -an); replacing Middle English Romain < Old French < Latin, as above; replacing Old English Roman(e) < Latin, as above

anti-Roman, adjective, noun
non-Roman, adjective, noun
post-Roman, adjective
pre-Roman, adjective, noun
pseudo-Roman, adjective, noun
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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World English Dictionary
roman1 (ˈrəʊmən)
1.  Compare italic of, relating to, or denoting a vertical style of printing type: the usual form of type for most printed matter
2.  roman type or print
[C16: so called because the style of letters is that used in ancient Roman inscriptions]

roman2 (French rɔmɑ̃)
a metrical narrative in medieval French literature derived from the chansons de geste

Roman (ˈrəʊmən)
1.  of or relating to Rome or its inhabitants in ancient or modern times
2.  of or relating to Roman Catholicism or the Roman Catholic Church
3.  denoting, relating to, or having the style of architecture used by the ancient Romans, characterized by large-scale masonry domes, barrel vaults, and semicircular arches
4.  a citizen or inhabitant of ancient or modern Rome
5.  informal short for Roman Catholic

Romans (ˈrəʊmənz)
(functioning as singular) a book of the New Testament (in full The Epistle of Paul the Apostle to the Romans), containing one of the fullest expositions of the doctrines of Saint Paul, written in 58 ad

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
2009 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009
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Word Origin & History

O.E., from L. Romanus "of Rome, Roman," from Roma "Rome" (see Rome). The O.E. word was romanisc, which yielded M.E. Romanisshe. As a type of numeral (opposed to Arabic) it is attested from 1728; as a typeface (opposed to Gothic, or black letter, and italic) it is recorded from
1519. Roman nose is from 1624. Roman candle recorded from 1834. Roman holiday "occasion on which entertainment or profit is derived from injury or death" is from 1886, originally in ref. to holidays for gladiatorial combat. Roman Catholic is attested from 1605, originally a conciliatory formation from the time of the Spanish Match, in place of Romanist, Romish which by that time had the taint of insult in Protestant England.

"a novel," 1765, from Fr. roman, from O.Fr. romanz (see romance); roman à clef, novel in which characters represent real persons, lit. "novel with a key" (Fr.), first attested in Eng. 1893.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Example sentences for Romans
He is also among a select group of men considered to be the last of the romans.
Initially, the burgundians seem to have had a stormy relationship with the romans.
Although rare finds, caliper remained in use by the greeks and romans.
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