sackbut

[sak-buht]
noun
1.
a medieval form of the trombone.
2.
Bible. an ancient stringed musical instrument. Dan. 3.

Origin:
1495–1505; < Middle French saquebute, earlier saqueboute, saquebot(t)e orig., a kind of hooked lance, apparently with saque (it) pulls (see saccade); identity of 2nd element uncertain

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Collins
World English Dictionary
sackbut (ˈsækˌbʌt)
 
n
a medieval form of trombone
 
[C16: from French saqueboute, from Old French saquer to pull + bouter to push; see butt³: used in the Bible (Daniel 3) as a mistranslation of Aramaic sabb'ka stringed instrument]

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
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Etymonline
Word Origin & History

sackbut
"medieval wind instrument," 1509, from Fr. saquebute, a bass trumpet with a slide like a trombone; presumably identical with O.N.Fr. saqueboute (14c.), "a lance with an iron hook for pulling down mounted men," said to be from O.N.Fr. saquier "to pull, draw" + bouter "to thrust." In Dan. iii.5, used
wrongly to transl. Aramaic sabbekha, name of a stringed instrument (translated correctly in Septuagint as sambuke, and in Vulgate as sambuca, both names of stringed instruments, and probably ult. cognate with the Aramaic word). The error began with Coverdale (1535), who evidently thought it was a wind instrument and rendered it with shawm (q.v.); the Geneva translators, evidently following Coverdale, chose sackbut because it sounded like the original Aramaic word, and this was followed in KJV and Revised versions.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Easton
Bible Dictionary

Sackbut definition


(Chald. sabkha; Gr. sambuke), a Syrian stringed instrument resembling a harp (Dan. 3:5, 7, 10, 15); not the modern sackbut, which is a wind instrument.

Easton's 1897 Bible Dictionary
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Encyclopedia Britannica
Encyclopedia

sackbut

(from Old French saqueboute: "pull-push"), early trombone, invented in the 15th century, probably in Burgundy. It has thicker walls than the modern trombone, imparting a softer tone, and its bell is narrower.

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Encyclopedia Britannica, 2008. Encyclopedia Britannica Online.
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