|Saint Austell (ˈɔːstəl)|
|a town in SW England, in S Cornwall on St Austell Bay (an inlet of the English Channel): centre for the now-declining china clay industry; the Eden Project, a rainforest environment in the world's largest greenhouse, is nearby; administratively part of St Austell with Fowey 1968-74. Pop (with Fowey): 22 658 (2001)|
town, Restormel borough, administrative and historic county of Cornwall, southwestern England. St. Austell was originally called Trenance and takes its present name from a hermit named St. Austol. England's most important kaolin (china clay) deposits are dug in the area, then processed at St. Austell, and shipped from the nearby port of Fowey. Many people are employed in the industry, exports being made to the regional potteries and to Lancashire and abroad. The landscape is unpleasantly affected by the slag heaps created by the industry. The church at St. Austell has a Perpendicular Gothic tower that is decorated with statues and a Norman font. Carthew, just north of St. Austell, has a museum devoted to the kaolin industry, and many attractive fishing ports are nearby. Pop. (2001) 22,658.
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