Sakhalin

Sakhalin

[sak-uh-leen; Russian suh-khuh-lyeen]
noun
an island of the Russian Federation in the Sea of Okhotsk, N of Japan: formerly (1905-45) divided between the Soviet Union and Japan. 29,100 sq. mi. (75,369 sq. km).
Japanese Karafuto.
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Sakhalin or Saghalien (Russian səxaˈlin)
 
n
Japanese name (1905--24): Karafuto an island in the Sea of Okhotsk, off the SE coast of Russia north of Japan: fishing, forestry, and mineral resources (coal and petroleum). Capital: Yuzhno-Sakhalinsk. Pop: 546 500 (2002). Area: 76 000 sq km (29 300 sq miles)
 
Saghalien or Saghalien
 
n

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Encyclopedia Britannica
Encyclopedia

sakhalin

oblast (province), extreme eastern Russia, composed of Sakhalin Island and the chain of the Kuril Islands. The present oblast was formed in 1947 after southern Sakhalin and the Kurils were acquired from Japan. The economy is dominated by fishing, lumbering, coal mining, and the extraction of oil and natural gas in the north. Area (land) 33,600 square miles (87,100 square km). Pop. (1995 est.) 681,000.

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Encyclopedia Britannica, 2008. Encyclopedia Britannica Online.
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