Samoyed

Samoyed

[sam-uh-yed, suh-moi-id]
noun
1.
a member of a Uralic people dwelling in W Siberia and the far NE parts of European Russia.
2.
Also, Samoyedic. a subfamily of Uralic languages spoken by the Samoyed people.
3.
(sometimes lowercase) one of a Russian breed of medium-sized dogs that have long, dense, white or cream hair and are used by the Samoyed people for herding reindeer and pulling sleds.

Origin:
1580–90; < Russian samoyéd

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World English Dictionary
Samoyed (ˌsæməˈjɛd)
 
n , -yed, -yeds
1.  a member of a group of peoples who migrated along the Russian Arctic coast and now live chiefly in the area of the N Urals: related to the Finns
2.  the languages of these peoples, related to Finno-Ugric within the Uralic family
3.  a Siberian breed of dog of the spitz type, having a dense white or cream coat with a distinct ruff, and a tightly curled tail
 
[C17: from Russian Samoed]
 
Samo'yedic
 
adj

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Etymonline
Word Origin & History

Samoyed
Siberian Mongolian people, 1589, from Rus. samoyed, lit. "self-eaters, cannibals" (the first element cognate with Eng. same, the second with O.E. etan "to eat"). The native name is Nenets. As the name of a type of dog (once used as a working dog in the Arctic) it is attested from 1889.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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