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city, Tulsa county, northeastern Oklahoma, U.S., near a spring in the Osage Hills. First settled in 1933 by Creek Indians, who called it Adams Springs after U.S. President John Quincy Adams, the area was renamed Sand Springs by oilman Charles Page, who bought land on the site and built the Sand Springs Home for widows and orphans. The Sand Springs (electric) Railway (1911) to Tulsa stimulated residential and industrial growth. The Keystone Lake area is immediately to the west at the fork of the Cimarron and Arkansas rivers. Inc. 1912. Pop. (1990) 15,346; (2000) 17,451.