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sanguine

[sang-gwin] /ˈsæŋ gwɪn/
adjective
1.
cheerfully optimistic, hopeful, or confident:
a sanguine disposition; sanguine expectations.
2.
reddish; ruddy:
a sanguine complexion.
3.
(in old physiology) having blood as the predominating humor and consequently being ruddy-faced, cheerful, etc.
4.
bloody; sanguinary.
5.
blood-red; red.
6.
Heraldry. a reddish-purple tincture.
noun
7.
a red iron-oxide crayon used in making drawings.
Origin
1275-1325
1275-1325; Middle English sanguyne a blood-red cloth < Old French sanguin < Latin sanguineus bloody, equivalent to sanguin-, stem of sanguis blood + -eus -eous
Related forms
sanguinely, adverb
sanguinity, sanguinness, noun
nonsanguine, adjective
nonsanguinely, adverb
nonsanguineness, noun
oversanguine, adjective
oversanguinely, adverb
oversanguineness, noun
presanguine, adjective
quasi-sanguine, adjective
quasi-sanguinely, adverb
supersanguine, adjective
supersanguinity, noun
unsanguine, adjective
unsanguinely, adverb
Can be confused
sanguinary, sanguine.
Synonyms
1. enthusiastic, buoyant, animated, lively, spirited.
Antonyms
1. morose.
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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British Dictionary definitions for sanguines

sanguine

/ˈsæŋɡwɪn/
adjective
1.
cheerful and confident; optimistic
2.
(esp of the complexion) ruddy in appearance
3.
blood-red
4.
an obsolete word for sanguinary (sense 2)
noun
5.
Also called red chalk. a red pencil containing ferric oxide, used in drawing
Derived Forms
sanguinely, adverb
sanguineness, sanguinity, noun
Word Origin
C14: from Latin sanguineus bloody, from sanguis blood
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for sanguines

sanguine

adj.

"blood-red," late 14c. (late 12c. as a surname), from Old French sanguin (fem. sanguine), from Latin sanguineus "of blood," also "bloody, bloodthirsty," from sanguis (genitive sanguinis) "blood" (see sanguinary). Meaning "cheerful, hopeful, confident" first attested c.1500, because these qualities were thought in medieval physiology to spring from an excess of blood as one of the four humors. Also in Middle English as a noun, "type of red cloth" (early 14c.).

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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sanguines in Medicine

sanguine san·guine (sāng'gwĭn)
adj.

  1. Of a healthy, reddish color; ruddy.

  2. Cheerfully confident; optimistic.

  3. Having blood as the dominant humor in terms of medieval physiology.

  4. Archaic Having the temperament and ruddy complexion that was formerly thought to be characteristic of a person dominated by this humor; passionate.

The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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Encyclopedia Article for sanguines

sanguine

chalk or crayon drawing done in a blood-red, reddish, or flesh colouring. The pigment employed is usually a chalk or clay containing some form of iron oxide. Sanguine was used extensively by 15th- and 16th-century artists such as Leonardo da Vinci (who employed it in his sketches for the Last Supper), Michelangelo, Raphael, and Andrea del Sarto.

Learn more about sanguine with a free trial on Britannica.com
Encyclopedia Britannica, 2008. Encyclopedia Britannica Online.
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