an ancient Buddhist pilgrimage center in N India, near Benares: Buddha's first sermon preached here; many ancient Buddhist monuments. Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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archaeological site north of Varanasi, Uttar Pradesh state, northern India, where, according to tradition, the Buddha first began teaching his followers; the site contains a stupa (shrine) and the famous lion-capital memorial pillar, which was erected by the 3rd-century-BC Maurya emperor Asoka and is now the state emblem of India.

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Encyclopedia Britannica, 2008. Encyclopedia Britannica Online.
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