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seigneur

[seen-yur, seyn-; French se-nyœr] /sinˈyɜr, seɪn-; French sɛˈnyœr/
noun, plural seigneurs
[seen-yurz, seyn-; French se-nyœr] /sinˈyɜrz, seɪn-; French sɛˈnyœr/ (Show IPA).
(sometimes initial capital letter)
1.
a lord, especially a feudal lord.
2.
(in French Canada) a holder of a seigneury.
Origin
1585-1595
1585-95; < French < Vulgar Latin *senior lord. See senior
Related forms
seigneurial
[seen-yur-ee-uh l, seyn-] /sinˈyɜr i əl, seɪn-/ (Show IPA),
adjective
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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British Dictionary definitions for seigneurial

seigneur

/sɛˈnjɜː; French sɛɲœr/
noun
1.
a feudal lord, esp in France
2.
(in French Canada, until 1854) the landlord of an estate that was subdivided among peasants who held their plots by a form of feudal tenure
Derived Forms
seigneurial, adjective
Word Origin
C16: from Old French, from Vulgar Latin senior, from Latin: an elderly man; see senior
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for seigneurial

seigneur

n.

"feudal landowner in France," 1590s, from Middle French seigneur, from Old French seignor (see seignior). Related: Seigneuress.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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