Serial Advanced Technology Attachment definition storage
(SATA, Serial ATA) A computer bus
technology primarily designed for transfer of data to and from a hard disk
. SATA is the successor to Advanced Technology Attachment
(ATA), which was given the retronym
Parallel ATA (PATA) to distinguish it from Serial ATA.
Serial ATA is designed to be scalable. The original SATA/150 or "SATA 1" can transfer up to 150 MBps
and "SATA 3.0 Gbit/s" has a maximum data rate of 300 MBps
Both SATA and PATA drives have built-in low level control electronics but the term IDE
is usually restricted to parallel ATA drives.