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Shavuoth

[Sephardic Hebrew shah-voo-awt; Ashkenazic Hebrew shuh-voo-ohs, -uh s] /Sephardic Hebrew ʃɑ vuˈɔt; Ashkenazic Hebrew ʃəˈvu oʊs, -əs/
noun, Judaism.
1.
a festival, celebrated on the sixth and seventh days of Sivan by Orthodox and Conservative Jews outside Israel but only on the sixth day by Reform Jews and Jews in Israel, that commemorates God's giving of the Ten Commandments to Moses.
Also, Shavuot, Shavuos, Shabuoth, Shabuot.
Also called Feast of Weeks, Pentecost.
Origin
1890-1895
1890-95; < Hebrew Shābhūʿōth literally, weeks
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Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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British Dictionary definitions for shavuot

Shavuot

/ʃəˈvuːəs; -əʊs; Hebrew ʃavuːˈɔt/
noun
1.
the Hebrew name for Pentecost (sense 2)
Word Origin
from Hebrew shābhū`ōth, plural of shābhūā` week
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for shavuot
n.

1892, from Hebrew šabuot, plural of šabua "week."

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Encyclopedia Article for shavuot

Shavuot

("Festival of the Weeks"), second of the three Pilgrim Festivals of the Jewish religious calendar. It was originally an agricultural festival, marking the beginning of the wheat harvest. During the Temple period, the first fruits of the harvest were brought to the Temple, and two loaves of bread made from the new wheat were offered. This aspect of the holiday is reflected in the custom of decorating the synagogue with fruits and flowers and in the names Yom ha-Bikkurim ("Day of the First Fruits") and Hag ha-Qazir ("Harvest Feast").

Learn more about Shavuot with a free trial on Britannica.com
Encyclopedia Britannica, 2008. Encyclopedia Britannica Online.
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