World English Dictionary
Sibiu (Romanian siˈbiu)
German name: Hermannstadt, Hungarian name: Nagyszeben an industrial town in W central Romania: originally a Roman city, refounded by German colonists in the 12th century. Pop: 133 000 (2005 est)

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Encyclopedia Britannica


judet (county), central Romania. The Transylvanian Alps (Southern Carpathians), including the Sebes, Lotru, and Fagaras ranges, rise in the southern portion of the county. Settlement areas are in intermontane valleys. Sibiu (q.v.) city, a cultural and industrial centre, is the county capital. Metal products, chemicals, and machinery are manufactured in Sibiu, Medias, Avrig, Copsa Mica, and Ocna Sibiului. Building materials, timber, textiles, and leather goods are also produced in the county. A hydroelectric station operates at Sadu. Agricultural activities consist of livestock raising and cereal, orchard, and vineyard cultivation. The towns of Cisnadie and Cisnadiora have historic churches. Rasinari commune is a centre for folk-art production and has an ethnographic museum. Paltinis and Ocna Sibiului are resorts. Highway and railway connections extend in several directions through Sibiu and Medias cities. An airport is near Sibiu. Area 2,093 square miles (5,422 square km). Pop. (1990 est.) 508,800

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Encyclopedia Britannica, 2008. Encyclopedia Britannica Online.
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