skeptic

[skep-tik]
noun
1.
a person who questions the validity or authenticity of something purporting to be factual.
2.
a person who maintains a doubting attitude, as toward values, plans, statements, or the character of others.
3.
a person who doubts the truth of a religion, especially Christianity, or of important elements of it.
4.
(initial capital letter) Philosophy.
a.
a member of a philosophical school of ancient Greece, the earliest group of which consisted of Pyrrho and his followers, who maintained that real knowledge of things is impossible.
b.
any later thinker who doubts or questions the possibility of real knowledge of any kind.
adjective
5.
pertaining to skeptics or skepticism; skeptical.
6.
(initial capital letter) pertaining to the Skeptics.
Also, sceptic.


Origin:
1565–75; < Late Latin scepticus thoughtful, inquiring (in plural Scepticī the Skeptics) < Greek skeptikós, equivalent to sképt(esthai) to consider, examine (akin to skopeîn to look; see -scope) + -ikos -ic

antiskeptic, noun
nonskeptic, adjective, noun

cynic, optimist, pessimist, skeptic.


3. doubter. See atheist.


3. believer.
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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World English Dictionary
skeptic (ˈskɛptɪk)
 
n, —adj
an archaic, and the usual US, spelling of sceptic
 
'skeptical
 
adj
 
'skeptically
 
adv
 
'skepticalness
 
n
 
'skepticism
 
n

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
2009 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
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Etymonline
Word Origin & History

skeptic
1580s, "member of an ancient Gk. school that doubted the possibility of real knowledge," from Fr. sceptique, from L. scepticus, from Gk. skeptikos (pl. Skeptikoi "the Skeptics"), lit. "inquiring, reflective," the name taken by the disciples of the Gk. philosopher Pyrrho (c.360-c.270 B.C.E.), from skeptesthai
"to reflect, look, view" (see scope (1)). The extended sense of "one with a doubting attitude" first recorded 1610s. The sk- spelling is an early 17c. Gk. revival and is preferred in U.S.
"Skeptic does not mean him who doubts, but him who investigates or researches as opposed to him who asserts and thinks that he has found." [Miguel de Unamuno, "Essays and Soliloquies," 1924]
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Example sentences
The skeptics retort that disease is a more likely explanation for the wrist
  bones.
But biofuel skeptics were seeing warning flags everywhere.
But string theory has always had a few vocal skeptics.
Skeptics see a threat of state intrusions, or detect patriotic vanity.
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