an upright bar, beam, post, or support, as in a window, stall, ship, etc.
verb (used with object)
to furnish with stanchions.
to secure by or to a stanchion or stanchions.

1375–1425; late Middle English stanchon < Old French estanchon, equivalent to estanche (variant of estance, probably < Vulgar Latin *stantia, equivalent to Latin stant- (stem of stāns), present participle of stāre to stand + -ia -y3) + -on noun suffix Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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World English Dictionary
stanchion (ˈstɑːnʃən)
1.  any vertical pole, rod, etc, used as a support
2.  (tr) to provide or support with a stanchion or stanchions
[C14: from Old French estanchon, from estance, from Vulgar Latin stantia (unattested) a standing, from Latin stāre to stand]

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
2009 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
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Word Origin & History

mid-14c., from O.Fr. estanchon "prop, brace, support" (Fr. étançon), probably from estant "upright," from prp. of ester "be upright, stand," from L. stare "to stand," from PIE base *sta- "to stand" (see stet).
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Example sentences
His body ricochets off a steel stanchion, sending him into an uncontrollable
Stanchion barns are typically enclosed on all sides.
The main question in your letter is whether one end of the control line may be
  attached to a temporary guardrail stanchion.
Sixty three percent of the state's dairy farm operators milk their herd with a
  stanchion or tie stall barn.
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