steel

[steel]
noun
1.
any of various modified forms of iron, artificially produced, having a carbon content less than that of pig iron and more than that of wrought iron, and having qualities of hardness, elasticity, and strength varying according to composition and heat treatment: generally categorized as having a high, medium, or low-carbon content.
2.
a thing or things made of this metal.
3.
a flat strip of this metal used for stiffening, especially in corsets; stay.
4.
a bar of this metal that has one end formed to hold a bit for driving through rock.
5.
steels, stocks or bonds of companies producing this metal.
6.
a sword.
7.
a rounded rod of ridged steel, fitted with a handle and used especially for sharpening knives.
adjective
8.
pertaining to or made of steel.
9.
like steel in color, hardness, or strength.
verb (used with object)
10.
to fit with steel, as by pointing, edging, or overlaying.
11.
to cause to resemble steel in some way.
12.
to render insensible, inflexible, unyielding, determined, etc.: He steeled himself to perform the dangerous task.

Origin:
before 900; (noun) Middle English stele, Old English (north) stēle; cognate with Dutch staal, German Stahl, Old Norse stāl; (v.) Middle English stelen, Old English styled edged with steel, derivative of the noun

steellike, adjective
presteel, noun, adjective

steal, steel, stele.
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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World English Dictionary
steel (stiːl)
 
n
1.  a.  any of various alloys based on iron containing carbon (usually 0.1--1.7 per cent) and often small quantities of other elements such as phosphorus, sulphur, manganese, chromium, and nickel. Steels exhibit a variety of properties, such as strength, machinability, malleability, etc, depending on their composition and the way they have been treated
 b.  See also stainless steel (as modifier): steel girders
2.  something that is made of steel
3.  a steel stiffener in a corset, etc
4.  a ridged steel rod with a handle used for sharpening knives
5.  the quality of hardness, esp with regard to a person's character or attitudes
6.  stock exchange See also steels the quotation for steel shares
7.  (modifier) resembling steel: steel determination
 
vb
8.  to fit, plate, edge, or point with steel
9.  to make hard and unfeeling: he steeled his heart against her sorrow; he steeled himself for the blow
 
[Old English stēli; related to Old High German stehli, Middle Dutch stael]
 
'steely
 
adj
 
'steeliness
 
n

Steel (stiːl)
 
n
1.  Danielle, full name Danielle Fernande Schüelein-Steel. born 1950, US writer of romantic fiction
2.  Baron David (Martin Scott). born 1938, British politician; leader of the Liberal Party (1976--88); Presiding Officer of the Scottish Parliament (1999--2003)

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
2009 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009
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Etymonline
Word Origin & History

steel
O.E. style, from W.Gmc. adj. *stakhlijan "made of steel" (cf. O.S. stehli, O.N., M.L.G. stal, Dan. staal, Swed. stål, M.Du. stael, Du. staal, O.H.G. stahal, Ger. Stahl), related to *stakhla "standing fast," from PIE *stek-lo-, from base *stak- "to stand, place, be firm" (see
stay (n.1)). No corresponding word exists outside Gmc. except those likely borrowed from Gmc. languages. The fig. verb sense of "make hard or strong like steel" is first recorded 1581. Steel wool is attested from 1896.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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American Heritage
Science Dictionary
steel   (stēl)  Pronunciation Key 
Any of various hard, strong, flexible alloys of iron and carbon. Often, other metals are added to give steel a particular property, such as chromium and nickel to make it stainless. Steel is widely used in many kinds of tools and as a structural material in building.
The American Heritage® Science Dictionary
Copyright © 2002. Published by Houghton Mifflin. All rights reserved.
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Easton
Bible Dictionary

Steel definition


The "bow of steel" in (A.V.) 2 Sam. 22:35; Job 20:24; Ps. 18:34 is in the Revised Version "bow of brass" (Heb. kesheth-nehushah). In Jer. 15:12 the same word is used, and is also rendered in the Revised Version "brass." But more correctly it is copper (q.v.), as brass in the ordinary sense of the word (an alloy of copper and zinc) was not known to the ancients.

Easton's 1897 Bible Dictionary
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American Heritage
Idioms & Phrases

steel

In addition to the idiom beginning with steel, also see mind like a steel trap.

The American Heritage® Dictionary of Idioms by Christine Ammer.
Copyright © 1997. Published by Houghton Mifflin.
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Example sentences
Steel prices are scheduled to increase next month in response to higher costs
  for metals used in making steel.
His gadgets are beautiful-sleek and elegant, compact, and made of
  post-industrial materials that make steel look old-fashioned.
Over-protected by fussy governments, steel makers have been left behind in the
  globalisation of business.
Steel is not naturally-occurring and must be created.
Idioms & Phrases
Image for Steel
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