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1650s (implied in stoker), "to feed and stir up a fire in a fireplace," from Dutch stoken "to stoke," from Middle Dutch stoken "to poke, thrust," related to stoc "stick, stump," from Proto-Germanic *stok-, variant of *stik-, *stek- "pierce, prick" (see stick (v.)). Stoked "enthusiastic" recorded in surfer slang by 1963, but the extension of the word to persons is older:
Having "stoked up," as the men called it, the brigades paraded at 10.30 a.m., ready for the next stage of the march. ["Cassell's History of the Boer War," 1901]
Stokes (stōks), William. 1804-1878.
British physicain. Known especially for his studies of diseases of the chest and heart, he expanded on the observations of John Cheyne in describing the breathing irregularity now known as Cheyne-Stokes respiration.
A unit of kinematic viscosity equal to that of a fluid with a viscosity of one poise and a density of one gram per milliliter.
The unit of kinematic viscosity in the centimeter-gram-second system, measured in square centimeters per second. See more at viscosity.
|Stokes, Sir George Gabriel 1819-1903. |
Irish mathematician and physicist who investigated the wave theory of light and described the phenomena of diffraction (1849) and fluorescence (1852) and the nature of x-rays. He also investigated fluid dynamics, developing the modern theory of motion of viscous fluids. A unit of kinematic viscosity is named for him.