subdue

[suhb-doo, -dyoo]
verb (used with object), subdued, subduing.
1.
to conquer and bring into subjection: Rome subdued Gaul.
2.
to overpower by superior force; overcome.
3.
to bring under mental or emotional control, as by persuasion or intimidation; render submissive.
4.
to repress (feelings, impulses, etc.).
5.
to bring (land) under cultivation: to subdue the wilderness.
6.
to reduce the intensity, force, or vividness of (sound, light, color, etc.); tone down; soften.
7.
to allay (inflammation, infection, etc.).

Origin:
1350–1400; Middle English so(b)duen, so(b)dewen < Anglo-French *soduer to overcome, Old French soduire to deceive, seduce < Latin subdūcere to withdraw (see subduct); meaning in E (and Anglo-French) < Latin subdere to place beneath, subdue

subduable, adjective
subduableness, noun
subduably, adverb
subduer, noun
subduingly, adverb
presubdue, verb (used with object), presubdued, presubduing.
unsubduable, adjective


1. subjugate, vanquish. See defeat. 3. tame, break, discipline. 3, 4. suppress.


4. awaken, arouse. 6. intensify.
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Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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World English Dictionary
subdue (səbˈdjuː)
 
vb , -dues, -duing, -dued
1.  to establish ascendancy over by force
2.  to overcome and bring under control, as by intimidation or persuasion
3.  to hold in check or repress (feelings, emotions, etc)
4.  to render less intense or less conspicuous
 
[C14 sobdue, from Old French soduire to mislead, from Latin subdūcere to remove; English sense influenced by Latin subdere to subject]
 
sub'duable
 
adj
 
sub'duably
 
adv
 
sub'dual
 
n

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
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Etymonline
Word Origin & History

subdue
late 14c., "to conquer," from O.Fr. souduire "deceive, seduce," from L. subducere "draw, lead away, withdraw" (see subduce). The sense seems to have been taken over in Anglo-Fr. from L. subdere. Subduct in the sense of "subtract" is from 1570s.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Example sentences
Fortunately, it is not intended to subdue humans, but to allow them to control
  their environments better.
Controlling natural processes is often less hazardous than trying to subdue
  them entirely.
It would subdue demand here where growth is low and leave more supply for the
  developing world where growth is higher.
As this process takes place, it will continue to subdue wage growth and global
  inflation.
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