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subdue

[suh b-doo, -dyoo] /səbˈdu, -ˈdyu/
verb (used with object), subdued, subduing.
1.
to conquer and bring into subjection:
Rome subdued Gaul.
2.
to overpower by superior force; overcome.
3.
to bring under mental or emotional control, as by persuasion or intimidation; render submissive.
4.
to repress (feelings, impulses, etc.).
5.
to bring (land) under cultivation:
to subdue the wilderness.
6.
to reduce the intensity, force, or vividness of (sound, light, color, etc.); tone down; soften.
7.
to allay (inflammation, infection, etc.).
Origin
1350-1400
1350-1400; Middle English so(b)duen, so(b)dewen < Anglo-French *soduer to overcome, Old French soduire to deceive, seduce < Latin subdūcere to withdraw (see subduct); meaning in E (and Anglo-French) < Latin subdere to place beneath, subdue
Related forms
subduable, adjective
subduableness, noun
subduably, adverb
subduer, noun
subduingly, adverb
presubdue, verb (used with object), presubdued, presubduing.
unsubduable, adjective
Synonyms
1. subjugate, vanquish. See defeat. 3. tame, break, discipline. 3, 4. suppress.
Antonyms
4. awaken, arouse. 6. intensify.
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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Examples for subduing
  • The silica will likely continue to dry out and disaggregate over time, subduing evidence of the explosive activity.
  • Before they could escape, an officer in a guard tower opened fire on them, killing one and subduing the others.
  • Though of motley origin, the colonists proved more than equal to subduing the wilderness.
  • The researchers found that larger size did improve wolves' skill at strength-related tasks, such as subduing elk.
  • Among mammals, our tiny short-tailed shrew uses venom for subduing prey.
  • They soon returned and began the task of subduing the raw prairies.
  • Poisonous snakes evolved venom for subduing prey, not intimidating humans.
  • Gathers information on proper procedures for physically subduing those who resist, ensuring proper procedures are used.
British Dictionary definitions for subduing

subdue

/səbˈdjuː/
verb (transitive) -dues, -duing, -dued
1.
to establish ascendancy over by force
2.
to overcome and bring under control, as by intimidation or persuasion
3.
to hold in check or repress (feelings, emotions, etc)
4.
to render less intense or less conspicuous
Derived Forms
subduable, adjective
subduably, adverb
subdual, noun
Word Origin
C14 sobdue, from Old French soduire to mislead, from Latin subdūcere to remove; English sense influenced by Latin subdere to subject
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for subduing

subdue

v.

late 14c., "to conquer," from Old French souduire "deceive, seduce," from Latin subducere "draw, lead away, withdraw" (see subduce). The sense seems to have been taken in Anglo-French from Latin subdere. Subduct in the sense of "subtract" is from 1570s. Related: Subdued; subduing.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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