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Susa

[soo-suh, -sah] /ˈsu sə, -sɑ/
noun
1.
a ruined city in W Iran: the capital of ancient Elam; palaces of Darius and Artaxerxes I; stele containing the Code of Hammurabi discovered here.
Biblical name Shushan.

Elam

[ee-luh m] /ˈi ləm/
noun
1.
an ancient kingdom E of Babylonia and N of the Persian Gulf.
Capital: Susa.
Also called Susiana.
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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British Dictionary definitions for Susa

Sousse

/suːs/
noun
1.
a port in E Tunisia, on the Mediterranean: founded by the Phoenicians in the 9th century bc. Pop: 191 000 (2005 est) Ancient name Hadrumetum (ˌhædrəˈmiːtəm)

Susa

/ˈsuːsə/
noun
1.
an ancient city north of the Persian Gulf: capital of Elam and of the Persian Empire; flourished as a Greek polis under the Seleucids and Parthians Biblical name Shushan

Susah

/ˈsuːzə/
noun
1.
other names for Sousse

Elam

/ˈiːləm/
noun
1.
an ancient kingdom east of the River Tigris: established before 4000 bc; probably inhabited by a non-Semitic people
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Susa in the Bible

highland, the son of Shem (Gen. 10:22), and the name of the country inhabited by his descendants (14:1, 9; Isa. 11:11; 21:2, etc.) lying to the east of Babylonia, and extending to the shore of the Mediterranean, a distance in a direct line of about 1,000 miles. The name Elam is an Assyrian word meaning "high." "The inhabitants of Elam, or 'the Highlands,' to the east of Babylon, were called Elamites. They were divided into several branches, speaking different dialects of the same agglutinative language. The race to which they belonged was brachycephalic, or short-headed, like the pre-Semitic Sumerians of Babylonia. "The earliest Elamite kingdom seems to have been that of Anzan, the exact site of which is uncertain; but in the time of Abraham, Shushan or Susa appears to have already become the capital of the country. Babylonia was frequently invaded by the Elamite kings, who at times asserted their supremacy over it (as in the case of Chedorlaomer, the Kudur-Lagamar, or 'servant of the goddess Lagamar,' of the cuneiform texts). "The later Assyrian monarchs made several campaigns against Elam, and finally Assur-bani-pal (about B.C. 650) succeeded in conquering the country, which was ravaged with fire and sword. On the fall of the Assyrian Empire, Elam passed into the hands of the Persians" (A.H. Sayce). This country was called by the Greeks Cissia or Susiana.

Easton's 1897 Bible Dictionary
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Encyclopedia Article for Susa

capital of Elam (Susiana) and administrative capital of the Achaemenian king Darius I and his successors from 522 BC. It was located at the foot of the Zagros Mountains near the bank of the Karkheh Kur (Choaspes) River in the Khuzistan region of Iran.

Learn more about Susa with a free trial on Britannica.com
Encyclopedia Britannica, 2008. Encyclopedia Britannica Online.
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