a region and medieval duchy in SW Germany: it constituted the area presently included in the states of Baden-Württemberg and Bavaria, in S Germany.
German Schwaben.

Swabian, noun, adjective
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World English Dictionary
Swabia (ˈsweɪbɪə)
German name: Schwaben a region and former duchy (from the 10th century to 1313) of S Germany, now part of Baden-Württemberg and Bavaria: part of West Germany until 1990

Swabian (ˈsweɪbɪən)
1.  of or relating to the German region of Swabia or its inhabitants
2.  a native or inhabitant of Swabia

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
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Word Origin & History

1785, from M.L. Suabia, from Ger. Schwaben, from O.H.G. swaba, name of a Gmc. tribe, related to L. Suevus, "pertaining to the Suevi," a tribe in northeastern Germania.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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