|New South Wales|
|a state of SE Australia: originally contained over half the continent, but was reduced by the formation of other states (1825--1911); consists of a narrow coastal plain, separated from extensive inland plains by the Great Dividing Range; the most populous state; mineral resources. Capital: Sydney. Pop: 6 716 277 (2003 est). Area: 801 428 sq km (309 433 sq miles)|
|Sidney or Sydney (ˈsɪdnɪ)|
|1.||Algernon. 1622--83, English Whig politician, beheaded for his supposed part in the Rye House Plot to assassinate Charles II and the future James II: author of Discourses Concerning Government (1689)|
|2.||Sir Philip. 1554--86, English poet, courtier, and soldier. His works include the pastoral romance Arcadia (1590), the sonnet sequence Astrophel and Stella (1591), and The Defence of Poesie (1595), one of the earliest works of literary criticism in English|
|Sydney or Sydney|
|1.||a port in SE Australia, capital of New South Wales, on an inlet of the S Pacific: the largest city in Australia and the first British settlement, established as a penal colony in 1788; developed rapidly after 1820 with the discovery of gold in its hinterland; large wool market; three universities. Pop: 3 502 301 (2001)|
|2.||a port in SE Canada, in Nova Scotia on NE Cape Breton Island: capital of Cape Breton Island until 1820, when the island united administratively with Nova Scotia. Pop: 32 286 (2006)|
Largest city in Australia, located in the southeastern part of the country, surrounding Port Jackson inlet on the Pacific Ocean; the capital and largest city of New South Wales state; Australia's chief port and main cultural and industrial center.
Note: Sydney was founded in 1788 as Australia's first settlement for convicts from Britain.
Note: It was the site of the 2000 summer Olympic Games.