Torah

Torah

[toh-ruh, tawr-uh; Sephardic Hebrew toh-rah; Ashkenazic Hebrew toh-ruh, toi-ruh]
noun (sometimes lowercase)
1.
the Pentateuch, being the first of the three Jewish divisions of the Old Testament. Compare Tanach.
2.
a parchment scroll on which the Pentateuch is written, used in synagogue services.
3.
the entire body of Jewish religious literature, law, and teaching as contained chiefly in the Old Testament and the Talmud.
4.
law or instruction.
Also, Tora.


Origin:
< Hebrew tōrāh instruction, law

Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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World English Dictionary
Torah (ˈtəʊrə, Hebrew tɔˈra)
 
n
1.  a.  the Pentateuch
 b.  the scroll on which this is written, used in synagogue services
2.  the whole body of traditional Jewish teaching, including the Oral Law
3.  (modifier) promoting or according with traditional Jewish Law
 
[C16: from Hebrew: precept, from yārāh to instruct]

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
2009 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009
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Etymonline
Word Origin & History

Torah
"the Pentateuch," 1577, from Heb. torah, lit. "instruction, law," verbal noun from horah "he taught, showed."
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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American Heritage
Cultural Dictionary
Torah [(toh-ruh, tawr-uh, toy-ruh)]

The law on which Judaism is founded (torah is Hebrew for “law”). This law is contained in the first five books of the Bible (Genesis, Exodus, Leviticus, Numbers, and Deuteronomy). Torah can also refer to the entire body of Jewish law and wisdom, including what is contained in oral tradition.

The American Heritage® New Dictionary of Cultural Literacy, Third Edition
Copyright © 2005 by Houghton Mifflin Company.
Published by Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.
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