transept

[tran-sept]
noun Architecture.
1.
any major transverse part of the body of a church, usually crossing the nave, at right angles, at the entrance to the choir.
2.
an arm of this, on either side of the central aisle of a church.

Origin:
1530–40; < Anglo-Latin trānseptum. See trans-, septum

transeptal, adjective
transeptally, adverb
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World English Dictionary
transept (ˈtrænsɛpt)
 
n
either of the two wings of a cruciform church at right angles to the nave
 
[C16: from Anglo-Latin transeptum, from Latin trans- + saeptum enclosure]
 
tran'septal
 
adj

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
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Etymonline
Word Origin & History

transept
"transverse section of a cruciform church," 1538, from M.L. transeptum, from L. trans- "across" + saeptum "fence, partition, enclosure" (see septum). Rare before 1700.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Example sentences
The gable face of the south transept is hidden by the attached guild hall wing
  which has a significantly lower hip roof.
Short transept arms and a semicircular apse subtly reinforce the cruciform
  shape of the building.
Graham reused the exterior walls, but expanded the transept's dimensions and
  added a tower and a spire.
In the north transept is the noble organ which was built for the parish nearly
  two years age.
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