the thick, fleshy, edible root of either of two plants of the mustard family, the white-fleshed Brassica rapa rapifera or the yellow-fleshed rutabaga.
the plant itself.
the root of this plant used as a vegetable.

1525–35; earlier turnep(e), equivalent to turn (with reference to its neatly rounded shape) + nepe neep

turniplike, adjective
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World English Dictionary
turnip (ˈtɜːnɪp)
1.  a widely cultivated plant, Brassica rapa, of the Mediterranean region, with a large yellow or white edible root: family Brassicaceae (crucifers)
2.  the root of this plant, which is eaten as a vegetable
3.  any of several similar or related plants
4.  another name for kohlrabi
[C16: from earlier turnepe, perhaps from turn (indicating its rounded shape) + nepe, from Latin nāpus turnip; see neep]

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
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Word Origin & History

1533, turnepe, probably from turn (from its shape, as though turned on a lathe) + M.E. nepe "turnip," from O.E. næp, from L. napus "turnip." The modern form of the word emerged late 18c.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Example sentences
Collard, mustard and turnip greens had been picked last fall and stored in the
  mammoth freezer.
She gave him a yellow turnip which had been hollowed out, to which six mice
  were harnessed.
In a large microwave-safe bowl, combine the grated turnip and both potatoes.
It was not some magic turnip, or some deep woods spell.
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