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turnip

[tur-nip] /ˈtɜr nɪp/
noun
1.
the thick, fleshy, edible root of either of two plants of the mustard family, the white-fleshed Brassica rapa rapifera or the yellow-fleshed rutabaga.
2.
the plant itself.
3.
the root of this plant used as a vegetable.
Origin
1525-1535
1525-35; earlier turnep(e), equivalent to turn (with reference to its neatly rounded shape) + nepe neep
Related forms
turniplike, adjective
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Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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British Dictionary definitions for turnips

turnip

/ˈtɜːnɪp/
noun
1.
a widely cultivated plant, Brassica rapa, of the Mediterranean region, with a large yellow or white edible root: family Brassicaceae (crucifers)
2.
the root of this plant, which is eaten as a vegetable
3.
any of several similar or related plants
4.
another name for kohlrabi
Also called (for senses 1, 2) navew
Word Origin
C16: from earlier turnepe, perhaps from turn (indicating its rounded shape) + nepe, from Latin nāpus turnip; see neep
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
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Word Origin and History for turnips

turnip

n.

1530s, turnepe, probably from turn (from its shape, as though turned on a lathe) + Middle English nepe "turnip," from Old English næp, from Latin napus "turnip." The modern form of the word emerged late 18c.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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