upstart

[n., adj. uhp-stahrt; v. uhp-stahrt]
noun
1.
a person who has risen suddenly from a humble position to wealth, power, or a position of consequence.
2.
a presumptuous and objectionable person who has so risen; parvenu.
adjective
3.
being, resembling, or characteristic of an upstart.
verb (used without object)
4.
to spring into existence or into view.
5.
to start up; spring up, as to one's feet.
verb (used with object)
6.
to cause to start up.

Origin:
1275–1325; Middle English (v.); see up-, start

upstartness, noun
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Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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World English Dictionary
upstart
 
n
1.  a.  a person, group, etc, that has risen suddenly to a position of power or wealth
 b.  (as modifier): an upstart tyrant; an upstart family
2.  a.  an arrogant or presumptuous person
 b.  (as modifier): his upstart ambition
 
vb
3.  archaic (intr) to start up, as in surprise, etc

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
2009 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
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Etymonline
Word Origin & History

upstart
1555, "one newly risen in importance or rank, a parvenu," also start-up, from up + start (v.) in the sense of "jump, spring, rise." Cf. the archaic verb upstart "to spring to one's feet," attested from c.1300.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Example sentences
The upstart forests transferred the landscape's nutrients to the treetops, out
  of the reach of large mammals.
Though hardly older than their upstart office mates, both have already attained
  high levels of corporate success.
Entrepreneurs poured millions into upstart solar-energy and wind-power
  companies.
Now an upstart liquor brand wants dibs on another hue, blue.
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