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voluntarism

[vol-uh n-tuh-riz-uh m] /ˈvɒl ən təˌrɪz əm/
noun
1.
Philosophy. any theory that regards will as the fundamental agency or principle, in metaphysics, epistemology, or psychology.
2.
the principle or practice of supporting churches, schools, hospitals, etc., by voluntary contributions or aid instead of relying on government assistance.
3.
any policy or practice based on voluntary action.
Origin
1830-1840
1830-40; voluntar(y) + -ism
Related forms
voluntarist, noun, adjective
voluntaristic, adjective
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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British Dictionary definitions for voluntaristic

voluntarism

/ˈvɒləntəˌrɪzəm/
noun
1.
(philosophy) the theory that the will rather than the intellect is the ultimate principle of reality
2.
a doctrine or system based on voluntary participation in a course of action
3.
the belief that the state, government, and the law should not interfere with the procedures of collective bargaining and of trade union organization
4.
another name for voluntaryism
Derived Forms
voluntarist, noun, adjective
voluntaristic, adjective
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for voluntaristic

voluntarism

n.

1838, in philosophy, from voluntary + -ism. As the theory or principal of using voluntary action rather than coercion (in politics, etc.), from 1924, American English (Voluntaryism in this sense is recorded from 1883).

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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