Weimar Germany did have subcultures that were sophisticated and cosmopolitan.
One of the clever things the Nazis did in the last days of the Weimar Republic was suspend freedom of the press.
Some believe it goes back to the Weimar days, which I certainly don't doubt.
in reference to the pre-1933 democratic government of Germany, 1932, from name of city in Thuringia where German constitution was drawn up in 1919. The place name is a compound of Old High German wih "holy" + mari "lake."