willemite

willemite

[wil-uh-mahyt]
noun
a mineral, a zinc silicate, Zn 2 SiO 4 , sometimes containing manganese, occurring in prismatic crystals or granular masses, usually greenish, sometimes white, brown, or red: a minor ore of zinc.

Origin:
1835–45; named after King Willem I; see -ite1

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willemite (ˈwɪləˌmaɪt)
 
n
a secondary mineral consisting of zinc silicate in hexagonal crystalline form. It is white, colourless, or coloured by impurities and is found in veins of zinc ore. Formula: Zn2SiO4
 
[C19: from Dutch willemit, named after Willem I of the Netherlands (1772--1843)]

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Encyclopedia Britannica
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willemite

white or greenish-yellow silicate mineral, zinc silicate, Zn2SiO4, that is found as crystals, grains, or fibres with other zinc ores in many deposits. Included are various localities in Sussex County, N.J., where it occurs in crystalline limestone and constitutes an important zinc ore; it was worked at Nutley for more than 100 years before the reserve was exhausted in 1954. Occurrences outside the United States include Belgium, Algeria, South West Africa/Namibia, and Greenland. Its brilliant green fluorescence led to its use in early television tubes. For detailed physical properties, see silicate mineral (table)

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Encyclopedia Britannica, 2008. Encyclopedia Britannica Online.
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