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zealot

[zel-uh t] /ˈzɛl ət/
noun
1.
a person who shows zeal.
2.
an excessively zealous person; fanatic.
3.
(initial capital letter) a member of a radical, warlike, ardently patriotic group of Jews in Judea, particularly prominent from a.d. 69 to 81, advocating the violent overthrow of Roman rule and vigorously resisting the efforts of the Romans and their supporters to heathenize the Jews.
Origin
1530-1540
1530-40; earlier zelote < Late Latin zēlōtēs < Greek zēlṓtēs, equivalent to zēlō- (variant stem of zēloûn to be zealous; see zeal) + -tēs agent suffix
Related forms
underzealot, noun
Synonyms
2. extremist, crank, bigot. See fanatic.
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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British Dictionary definitions for zealots

zealot

/ˈzɛlət/
noun
1.
an immoderate, fanatical, or extremely zealous adherent to a cause, esp a religious one
Word Origin
C16: from Late Latin zēlōtēs, from Greek, from zēloun to be zealous, from zēloszeal

Zealot

/ˈzɛlət/
noun
1.
any of the members of an extreme Jewish sect or political party that resisted all aspects of Roman rule in Palestine in the 1st century ad
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for zealots

zealot

n.

c.1300, "member of a militant 1st century Jewish sect which fiercely resisted the Romans in Palestine," from Late Latin Zelotes, from Greek zelotes "one who is a zealous follower," from zeloun "to be zealous," from zelos "zeal" (see zeal). Extended sense of "a fanatical enthusiast" first recorded 1630s.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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zealots in the Bible

a sect of Jews which originated with Judas the Gaulonite (Acts 5:37). They refused to pay tribute to the Romans, on the ground that this was a violation of the principle that God was the only king of Israel. They rebelled against the Romans, but were soon scattered, and became a lawless band of mere brigands. They were afterwards called Sicarii, from their use of the sica, i.e., the Roman dagger.

Easton's 1897 Bible Dictionary
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16
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