|Zhangjiakou, Changchiakow or Changchiak'ou (ˈdʒæŋˈdʒjækəʊ)|
|Wanchüan, Former names: Kalgan a city in NE China, in NW Hebei province: a military centre, controlling the route to Mongolia, under the Ming and Manchu dynasties. Pop: 973 000 (2005 est)|
|Changchiakow, Changchiakow or Changchiak'ou|
|Changchiak'ou, Changchiakow or Changchiak'ou|
city in northwestern Hebei sheng (province), northern China. Kalgan, the name by which the city is most commonly known, is from a Mongolian word meaning "gate in a barrier," or "frontier." The city was colloquially known in Chinese as the Dongkou ("Eastern Entry") into Hebei from Inner Mongolia. It is about 100 miles (160 km) northwest of Beijing. Pop. (2002 est.) city, 688,297; (2007 est.) urban agglom., 1,046,000.
Learn more about Zhangjiakou with a free trial on Britannica.com.