|1.||Aretha (əˈriːθə) born 1942, US soul, pop, and gospel singer|
|2.||Benjamin 1706--90, American statesman, scientist, and author. He helped draw up the Declaration of Independence (1776) and, as ambassador to France (1776--85), he negotiated an alliance with France and a peace settlement with Britain. As a scientist, he is noted particularly for his researches in electricity, esp his invention of the lightning conductor|
|3.||Sir John. 1786--1847, English explorer of the Arctic: lieutenant-governor of Van Diemen's Land (now Tasmania) (1836--43): died while on a voyage to discover the Northwest Passage|
|4.||Rosalind. 1920--58, British x-ray crystallographer. She contributed to the discovery of the structure of DNA, before her premature death from cancer|
Franklin Frank·lin (frāngk'lĭn), Rosalind. 1920-1958.
British biophysicist. Her x-ray diffraction studies of DNA led to the description of the full structure of DNA by James Watson and Francis Crick.
|Franklin (frāngk'lĭn) Pronunciation Key
American public official, scientist, inventor, and writer who fully established the distinction between negative and positive electricity, proved that lightning and electricity are identical, and suggested that buildings could be protected by lightning conductors. He also invented bifocal glasses, established the direction of the prevailing storm track in North America and determined the existence of the Gulf Stream.