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Hammer

[ham-er] /ˈhæm ər/
noun
1.
Armand, 1898–1990, U.S. businessman and art patron.
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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British Dictionary definitions for a. hammer

hammer

/ˈhæmə/
noun
1.
a hand tool consisting of a heavy usually steel head held transversely on the end of a handle, used for driving in nails, beating metal, etc
2.
any tool or device with a similar function, such as the moving part of a door knocker, the striking head on a bell, etc
3.
a power-driven striking tool, esp one used in forging. A pneumatic hammer delivers a repeated blow from a pneumatic ram, a drop hammer uses the energy of a falling weight
4.
a part of a gunlock that rotates about a fulcrum to strike the primer or percussion cap, either directly or via a firing pin
5.
(athletics)
  1. a heavy metal ball attached to a flexible wire: thrown in competitions
  2. the event or sport of throwing the hammer
6.
an auctioneer's gavel
7.
a device on a piano that is made to strike a string or group of strings causing them to vibrate
8.
(anatomy) the nontechnical name for malleus
9.
(curling) the last stone thrown in an end
10.
go under the hammer, come under the hammer, to be offered for sale by an auctioneer
11.
hammer and tongs, with great effort or energy fighting hammer and tongs
12.
(Austral & NZ, slang) on someone's hammer
  1. persistently demanding and critical of someone
  2. in hot pursuit of someone
verb
13.
to strike or beat (a nail, wood, etc) with or as if with a hammer
14.
(transitive) to shape or fashion with or as if with a hammer
15.
(transitive; foll by in or into) to impress or force (facts, ideas, etc) into (someone) through constant repetition
16.
(intransitive) to feel or sound like hammering his pulse was hammering
17.
(intransitive) often foll by away. to work at constantly
18.
(transitive) (Brit)
  1. to question in a relentless manner
  2. to criticize severely
19.
(informal) to inflict a defeat on
20.
(transitive) (slang) to beat, punish, or chastise
21.
(transitive) (stock exchange)
  1. to announce the default of (a member)
  2. to cause prices of (securities, the market, etc) to fall by bearish selling
See also hammer out
Derived Forms
hammerer, noun
hammer-like, adjective
Word Origin
Old English hamor; related to Old Norse hamarr crag, Old High German hamar hammer, Old Slavonic kamy stone
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for a. hammer

hammer

n.

Old English hamor "hammer," from Proto-Germanic *hamaraz (cf. Old Saxon hamur, Middle Dutch, Dutch hamer, Old High German hamar, German Hammer. The Old Norse cognate hamarr meant "stone, crag" (it's common in English place names), and suggests an original sense of "tool with a stone head," from PIE *akmen "stone, sharp stone used as a tool" (cf. Old Church Slavonic kamy, Russian kameni "stone"), from root *ak- "sharp" (see acme). Hammer and sickle as an emblem of Soviet communism attested from 1921, symbolizing industrial and agricultural labor.

v.

late 14c., from hammer (n.). Meaning "to work (something) out laboriously" recorded from 1580s. Meaning "to defeat heavily" is from 1948. Related: Hammered; hammering. Hammered as a slang synonym for "drunk" attested by 1986.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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a. hammer in Medicine

hammer ham·mer (hām'ər)
n.
See malleus.

The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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Slang definitions & phrases for a. hammer

hammer

noun
  1. A sexually desirable woman; fox •Regarded by some women as offensive (1960s+ Black)
  2. The accelerator of a truck (1960+ Truckers)
  3. The penis: How's your hammer hangin', Tiger? (1960s+)
verb
  1. To denigrate severely; dump on: You can be playing outside the pearly gates and you're still going to get hammered (1900+)
  2. To beat down the price of a stock: Beverly's stock was being hammered by the company's persistent losses (1846+ Stock market)

The Dictionary of American Slang, Fourth Edition by Barbara Ann Kipfer, PhD. and Robert L. Chapman, Ph.D.
Copyright (C) 2007 by HarperCollins Publishers.
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a. hammer in the Bible

(1.) Heb. pattish, used by gold-beaters (Isa. 41:7) and by quarry-men (Jer. 23:29). Metaphorically of Babylon (Jer. 50:23) or Nebuchadnezzar. (2.) Heb. makabah, a stone-cutter's mallet (1 Kings 6:7), or of any workman (Judg. 4:21; Isa. 44:12). (3.) Heb. halmuth, a poetical word for a workman's hammer, found only in Judg. 5:26, where it denotes the mallet with which the pins of the tent of the nomad are driven into the ground. (4.) Heb. mappets, rendered "battle-axe" in Jer. 51:20. This was properly a "mace," which is thus described by Rawlinson: "The Assyrian mace was a short, thin weapon, and must either have been made of a very tough wood or (and this is more probable) of metal. It had an ornamented head, which was sometimes very beautifully modelled, and generally a strap or string at the lower end by which it could be grasped with greater firmness."

Easton's 1897 Bible Dictionary
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Idioms and Phrases with a. hammer
The American Heritage® Idioms Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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