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Pushkin

[poo sh-kin; Russian poo-shkyin] /ˈpʊʃ kɪn; Russian ˈpu ʃkyɪn/
noun
1.
Alexander Sergeevich
[al-ig-zan-der sur-gey-uh-vich,, -zahn-;; Russian uh-lyi-ksahn-dr syir-gye-yi-vyich] /ˌæl ɪgˈzæn dər sɜrˈgeɪ ə vɪtʃ,, -ˈzɑn-;; Russian ʌ lyɪˈksɑn dr syɪrˈgyɛ yɪ vyɪtʃ/ (Show IPA),
1799–1837, Russian poet, short-story writer, and dramatist.
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Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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British Dictionary definitions for a. s. pushkin

Pushkin1

/ˈpʊʃkɪn/
noun
1.
a town in NW Russia: site of the imperial summer residence and Catherine the Great's palace. Pop: 84 628 (2002) Former name (1708–1937) Tsarskoye Selo

Pushkin2

/ˈpʊʃkɪn/
noun
1.
Aleksander Sergeyevich (alɪkˈsandr sɪrˈɡjejɪvitʃ). 1799–1837, Russian poet, novelist, and dramatist. His works include the romantic verse tale The Prisoner of the Caucasus (1822), the verse novel Eugene Onegin (1833), the tragedy Boris Godunov (1825), and the novel The Captain's Daughter (1836)
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
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Encyclopedia Article for a. s. pushkin

Pushkin

city, Leningrad oblast (province), northwestern Russia, 14 miles (22 km) south of St. Petersburg city. Tsarskoye Selo grew up around one of the main summer palaces of the Russian royal family. Catherine I commissioned the palace (1717-23); it was later enlarged (1743-48) and rebuilt (1752-57) in the Russian Baroque style by Bartolomeo Francisco Rastrelli. The palace and its park, also laid out by Rastrelli, were considerably embellished under Catherine II the Great by the Scottish architect Charles Cameron. Deliberately gutted by the Germans during World War II, the palace has been restored. In the park are the smaller Alexander Palace, built by the Italian Giacomo Quarenghi in 1792-96, and many pavilions, statues, and monuments, including the Hermitage, designed by Rastrelli, and the Agate Pavilion of Cameron. Cameron also designed the Rococo Chinese Village rebuilt by Stasov in 1822. Immediately adjacent to the main palace is the Lyceum, now converted to a museum in honour of the Russian poet Aleksandr Pushkin, who studied at the Lyceum from 1811 to 1817 and for whom the city was renamed in 1937 (at the 100th anniversary of his death). The first railway in the Russian Empire was built in 1837 from St. Petersburg to Tsarskoye Selo. The St. Petersburg State Agrarian University (1904) is located in the city. Pop. (2002) 84,628.

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Encyclopedia Britannica, 2008. Encyclopedia Britannica Online.
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