Aarau

[ahr-ou]
noun
a town in and capital of Aargau, in N Switzerland.
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Aargau

[ahr-gou]
noun
a canton in N Switzerland. 542 sq. mi. (1400 sq. km). Capital: Aarau.
French Argovie.
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Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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Aarau (German ˈaːrau)
 
n
a town in N Switzerland, capital of Aargau canton: capital of the Helvetic Republic from 1798 to 1803. Pop: 15 470 (2000)

Aargau (German ˈaːrɡau)
 
n
French name: Argovie a canton in N Switzerland. Capital: Aarau. Pop: 556 200 (2002 est). Area: 1404 sq km (542 sq miles)

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Encyclopedia Britannica
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aarau

capital of Aargau canton, northern Switzerland, at the southern foot of the Jura Mountains, on the right bank of the Aare River, west of Zurich. Founded about 1240 by the counts of Kyburg, it passed to the Habsburgs in 1264 and was taken by the Bernese in 1415. In 1798 it became the capital of the Helvetian Republic. Notable landmarks include several 13th-century towers, the town church (1471), the town hall (1762), and a cantonal library, containing a Bible with marginal notes made by the religious reformer Huldrych Zwingli. To the northeast is the ruined Habsburg, or Habichtsburg (Hawk's Castle), the original home of the Habsburg family. The medieval Lenzburg castle, located east of Aarau, houses a historical museum and a conference centre. There is considerable industry in the newer parts; manufactures include beverages and food products, electrical goods, precision instruments, and machines. The population is largely German speaking. The majority of the residents are Protestants. Pop. (2007 est.) 15,478.

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Encyclopedia Britannica, 2008. Encyclopedia Britannica Online.
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More newspapers developed in the city, maintaining the revolutionary atmosphere of aarau.
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