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abatement

[uh-beyt-muh nt] /əˈbeɪt mənt/
noun
1.
the act or state of abating or the state of being abated; reduction; decrease; alleviation; mitigation.
2.
suppression or termination:
abatement of a nuisance; noise abatement.
3.
an amount deducted or subtracted, as from the usual price or the full tax.
4.
Law.
  1. a reduction of a tax assessment.
  2. the termination of a nuisance.
  3. a wrongful entry on land made by a stranger, after the owner's death and before the owner's heir or devisee has obtained possession.
  4. a decrease in the legacies of a will when the assets of an estate are insufficient to pay all general legacies in full.
5.
Also called rebatement. Heraldry. a charge or mark that, when introduced into a coat of arms, indicates the owner's disgrace.
Origin
1300-1350
1300-50; Middle English < Middle French; see abate, -ment
Synonyms
1. lessening, letup, diminution. 2. end, cessation.
Antonyms
1. intensification, increase.
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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Word Origin and History for abatements

abatement

n.

mid-14c., from Old French abatement, from abattre (see abate).

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Encyclopedia Article for abatements

abatement

in law, the interruption of a legal proceeding upon the pleading by a defendant of a matter that prevents the plaintiff from going forward with the suit at that time or in that form. Pleas in abatement raise such matters as objections to the place, mode, or time of the plaintiff's claim. At one time, abatement of proceedings in equity differed from abatement in law in that the former merely suspended the action, subject to revival when the defect was cured, whereas the latter terminated it, though the plaintiff could start the action anew. The latter is now the more common usage. The term abatement is also used in law to mean the removal or control of an annoyance.

Learn more about abatement with a free trial on Britannica.com
Encyclopedia Britannica, 2008. Encyclopedia Britannica Online.
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